mongodb select php操作 命令行操作

张映 发表于 2014-09-05

分类目录: nosql, php

标签:, , , , , , , , , , , ,

前面说到了mongodb安装,配置,集群,以及php的插入与更新等,请参考:mongodb

下面说一下,mongodb select的常用操作

测试数据

{ "_id" : 1, "title" : "红楼梦", "auther" : "曹雪芹", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 80, "code" : 10 }
{ "_id" : 2, "title" : "围城", "auther" : "钱钟书", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 56, "code" : 20 }
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城", "auther" : "李白", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 30, "code" : 30 }
{ "_id" : 4, "title" : "将近酒", "auther" : "李白", "money" : 90, "code" : 40 }

1,取表条数

> db.books.count();
4

> db.books.find().count();
4

> db.books.count({auther: "李白" });
2

> db.books.find({money:{$gt:40,$lte:60}}).count();
1

> db.books.count({money:{$gt:40,$lte:60}});
1

php代码如下,按顺序对应的

$collection->count();             //结果:4
$collection->find()->count();     //结果:4
$collection->count(array("auther"=>"李白"));   //结果:2
$collection->find(array("money"=>array('$gt'=>40,'$lte'=>60)))->count();     //结果:1
$collection->count(array("money"=>array('$gt'=>40,'$lte'=>60)));    //结果:1

提示:$gt为大于、$gte为大于等于、$lt为小于、$lte为小于等于、$ne为不等于、$exists不存在、$in指定范围、$nin指定不在某范围

2,取单条数据

> db.books.findOne();
{
        "_id" : 1,
        "title" : "红楼梦",
        "auther" : "曹雪芹",
        "typeColumn" : "test",
        "money" : 80,
        "code" : 10
}

> db.books.findOne({auther: "李白" });
{
        "_id" : 3,
        "title" : "朝发白帝城",
        "auther" : "李白",
        "typeColumn" : "test",
        "money" : 30,
        "code" : 30
}

php代码如下,按顺序对应的

$collection->findOne();
$collection->findOne(array("auther"=>"李白"));

3,find snapshot 游标

> db.books.find( { $query: {auther: "李白" }, $snapshot: true } );
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城", "auther" : "李白", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 30, "code" : 30 }
{ "_id" : 4, "title" : "将近酒", "auther" : "李白", "money" : 90, "code" : 40 }

php代码如下

/**
* 注意:
* 在我们做了find()操作,获得 $result 游标之后,这个游标还是动态的.
* 换句话说,在我find()之后,到我的游标循环完成这段时间,如果再有符合条件的记录被插入到collection,那么这些记录也会被$result 获得.
*/
$result = $collection->find(array("auther"=>"李白"))->snapshot();
foreach ($result as $id => $value) {
 var_dump($value);
}

4,自定义列显示

> db.books.find({},{"money":0,"auther":0});      //money和auther不显示
{ "_id" : 1, "title" : "红楼梦", "typeColumn" : "test", "code" : 10 }
{ "_id" : 2, "title" : "围城", "typeColumn" : "test", "code" : 20 }
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城", "typeColumn" : "test", "code" : 30 }
{ "_id" : 4, "title" : "将近酒", "code" : 40 }

> db.books.find({},{"title":1});          //只显示title列
{ "_id" : 1, "title" : "红楼梦" }
{ "_id" : 2, "title" : "围城" }
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城" }
{ "_id" : 4, "title" : "将近酒" }

/**
*money在60到100之间,typecolumn和money二列必须存在
*/
> db.books.find({money:{$gt:60,$lte:100}},{"typeColumn":1,"money":1});
{ "_id" : 1, "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 80 }
{ "_id" : 4, "money" : 90 }

php代码如下,按顺序对应的

$result = $collection->find()->fields(array("auther"=>false,"money"=>false));    //不显示auther和money列

$result = $collection->find()->fields(array("title"=>true));      //只显示title列

/**
 *money在60到100之间,typecolumn和money二列必须存在
 */
$where=array('typeColumn'=>array('$exists'=>true),'money'=>array('$exists'=>true,'$gte'=>60,'$lte'=>100));
$result = $collection->find($where);

5,分页

> db.books.find().skip(1).limit(1);  //跳过第条,取一条
{ "_id" : 2, "title" : "围城", "auther" : "钱钟书", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 56, "code" : 20 }

这根mysql,limit,offset有点类似,php代码如下

$result = $collection->find()->limit(1)->skip(1);//跳过 1 条记录,取出 1条

6,排序

> db.books.find().sort({money:1,code:-1});    //1表示降序 -1表示升序,参数的先后影响排序顺序 
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城", "auther" : "李白", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 30, "code" : 30 }
{ "_id" : 2, "title" : "围城", "auther" : "钱钟书", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 56, "code" : 20 }
{ "_id" : 1, "title" : "红楼梦", "auther" : "曹雪芹", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 80, "code" : 10 }
{ "_id" : 4, "title" : "将近酒", "auther" : "李白", "money" : 90, "code" : 40 }

php代码如下

$result = $collection->find()->sort(array('code'=>1,'money'=>-1));

7,模糊查询

> db.books.find({"title":/城/});      //like '%str%' 糊查询集合中的数据
{ "_id" : 2, "title" : "围城", "auther" : "钱钟书", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 56, "code" : 20 }
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城", "auther" : "李白", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 30, "code" : 30 }

> db.books.find({"auther":/^李/});    //like 'str%' 糊查询集合中的数据
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城", "auther" : "李白", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 30, "code" : 30 }
{ "_id" : 4, "title" : "将近酒", "auther" : "李白", "money" : 90, "code" : 40 }

> db.books.find({"auther":/书$/});   //like '%str' 糊查询集合中的数据
{ "_id" : 2, "title" : "围城", "auther" : "钱钟书", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 56, "code" : 20 }

> db.books.find( { "title": { $regex: '城', $options: 'i' } } );   //like '%str%' 糊查询集合中的数据
{ "_id" : 2, "title" : "围城", "auther" : "钱钟书", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 56, "code" : 20 }
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城", "auther" : "李白", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 30, "code" : 30 }

php代码如下,按顺序对应的

$param = array("title" => new MongoRegex('/城/'));
$result = $collection->find($param);

$param = array("auther" => new MongoRegex('/^李/'));
$result = $collection->find($param);

$param = array("auther" => new MongoRegex('/书$/'));
$result = $collection->find($param);

8,$in和$nin

> db.books.find( { money: { $in: [ 20,30,90] } } );   //查找money等于20,30,90的数据
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城", "auther" : "李白", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 30, "code" : 30 }
{ "_id" : 4, "title" : "将近酒", "auther" : "李白", "money" : 90, "code" : 40 }

> db.books.find( { auther: { $in: [ /^李/,/^钱/ ] } } );    //查找以李,钱开头的数据
{ "_id" : 2, "title" : "围城", "auther" : "钱钟书", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 56, "code" : 20 }
{ "_id" : 3, "title" : "朝发白帝城", "auther" : "李白", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 30, "code" : 30 }
{ "_id" : 4, "title" : "将近酒", "auther" : "李白", "money" : 90, "code" : 40 }

php代码如下,按顺序对应的

$param = array("money" => array('$in'=>array(20,30,90)));
$result = $collection->find($param);
foreach ($result as $id=>$value) {
 var_dump($value);
}

$param = array("auther" => array('$in'=>array(new MongoRegex('/^李/'),new MongoRegex('/^钱/'))));
$result = $collection->find($param);
foreach ($result as $id=>$value) {
 var_dump($value);
}

 9,$or

> db.books.find( { $or: [ { money: 20 }, { money: 80 } ] } );   //查找money等于20,80的数据
{ "_id" : 1, "title" : "红楼梦", "auther" : "曹雪芹", "typeColumn" : "test", "money" : 80, "code" : 10 }

php代码如下

$param = array('$or'=>array(array("money"=>20),array("money"=>80)));
$result = $collection->find($param);
foreach ($result as $id=>$value) {
 var_dump($value);
}

 10,distinct

> db.books.distinct( 'auther' );
[ "曹雪芹", "钱钟书", "李白" ]

> db.books.distinct( 'auther' , { money: { $gt: 60 } });
[ "曹雪芹", "李白" ]

php代码如下

$result = $curDB->command(array("distinct" => "books", "key" => "auther"));
foreach ($result as $id=>$value) {
 var_dump($value);
}

$where = array("money" => array('$gte' => 60));
$result = $curDB->command(array("distinct" => "books", "key" => "auther", "query" => $where));
foreach ($result as $id=>$value) {
 var_dump($value);
}

先写到这儿,上面只是SELECT的一些常用操作,接下来,还会写一点。

 

 



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作者:海底苍鹰
地址:http://blog.51yip.com/php/1644.html

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