rabbitmq php 消息队列 安装

张映 发表于 2016-07-09

分类目录: 服务器相关

标签:, ,

RabbitMQ是一个在AMQP基础上完整的,可复用的企业消息系统。他遵循Mozilla Public License开源协议。

1,安装rabbitmq,php扩展

# yum install php-pecl-amqp rabbitmq-server epel-release

2,启动

# /etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server start

如果要改什么配置的话,在/etc/rabbitmq 目录下新增文件:rabbitmq-env.conf,注意:文件名是固定的

RABBITMQ_NODE_IP_ADDRESS=192.168.10.208
RABBITMQ_NODE_PORT=5672
RABBITMQ_NODENAME=rabbit

3,启用监控模块

# cd /usr/lib/rabbitmq/lib/rabbitmq_server-3.1.5/sbin
# ./rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management    //启用监控模块
The following plugins have been enabled:
 mochiweb
 webmachine
 rabbitmq_web_dispatch
 amqp_client
 rabbitmq_management_agent
 rabbitmq_management

# /etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server restart   //重启
rabbitmq 监控

rabbitmq 监控

4,php测试代码

<?php
class RabbitMq
{
 public $configs = array('host'=>'192.168.10.208','port'=>5672,'username'=>'guest','password'=>'guest','vhost'=>'/');
 //交换机名称
 public $exchange_name = 'test-e';
 //队列名称
 public $queue_name = 'test-q';
 //路由名称
 public $route_key = 'test-r';
 /*
 * 持久化,默认true
 */
 public $durable = true;
 /*
 * 自动删除
 * exchange is deleted when all queues have finished using it
 * queue is deleted when last consumer unsubscribes
 *
 */
 public $autodelete = true;
 /*
 * 镜像
 * 镜像队列,打开后消息会在节点之间复制,有master和slave的概念
 */
 public $mirror = false;

 private $_conn = null;
 private $_exchange = null;
 private $_channel = null;
 private $_queue = null;

 /**
 * 创建队列需要用到的虚拟主机、交换机
 */
 public function __construct($configs = array(), $exchange_name = '', $queue_name = '', $route_key = '') {
 if(!empty($configs)){
 $this->setConfigs($configs);
 }
 if(!empty($exchange_name)){
 $this->exchange_name = $exchange_name;
 }
 if(!empty($queue_name)){
 $this->queue_name = $queue_name;
 }
 if(!empty($route_key)){
 $this->route_key = $route_key;
 }        

 $this->_conn = new AMQPConnection($this->configs);
 $this->_conn->connect();

 //创建channel
 $this->_channel = new AMQPChannel($this->_conn);
 //创建exchange交换机
 $this->_exchange = new AMQPExchange($this->_channel);
 $this->_exchange->setName($this->exchange_name);//创建名字
 $this->_exchange->setType(AMQP_EX_TYPE_DIRECT);
 $this->_exchange->setFlags(AMQP_DURABLE | AMQP_AUTODELETE);
 $this->_exchange->declare();

 //创建队列
 $this->_queue = new AMQPQueue($this->_channel);
 //设置队列名字 如果不存在则添加
 $this->_queue->setName($this->queue_name);
 $this->_queue->setFlags(AMQP_DURABLE | AMQP_AUTODELETE);
 echo "queue status: ".$this->_queue->declare();

 echo "<br />";
 echo 'queue bind: '.$this->_queue->bind($this->exchange_name,$this->route_key);//将你的队列绑定到routingKey
 //echo 'queue bind: '.$this->_queue->bind($this->exchange_name,'route.'.$timestr);//将你的队列绑定到routingKey
 echo "<br />";

 }

 /**
 *
 * 向队列里面添加信息
 */
 public function setRabbitMqInfo()
 {
 //发布消息
 $message = json_encode(array('Hello World!','php','c++'));
 $this->_channel->startTransaction();
 echo "send: ".$this->_exchange->publish($message, $this->route_key); //将你的消息通过制定routingKey发送
 //echo "send: ".$ex->publish($message, 'route.'.$timestr); //将你的消息通过制定routingKey发送
 $this->_channel->commitTransaction();
 //$this->_conn->disconnect();
 }

 /**
 *
 * 获取队列里的信息
 */
 public function getRabbitMqInfo ()
 {

 // $this->_queue->consume(array($this,'processMessage'));   //需手动应答
 while($this->_queue->declare()){
 $messages = $this->_queue->get(AMQP_AUTOACK) ;
 if ($messages){
 echo "<pre>";
 print_r(json_decode($messages->getBody(),true))."\n";
 }
 }

 // disconnect
 $this->_conn->disconnect();
 }
}

调用代码:

<?php
set_time_limit(0);
include_once('rabbitmq.inc.php');

$ra = new RabbitMq();
$ra->setRabbitMqInfo();
$ra->getRabbitMqInfo();

//结果如下
[root@vpn208 ~]# php test.php
queue status: 0<br />queue bind: 1<br />send: 1<pre>Array
(
 [0] => Hello World!
 [1] => php
 [2] => c++
)

命令行下调用,还是直接URL访问都是可以的.



转载请注明
作者:海底苍鹰
地址:http://blog.51yip.com/server/1817.html

留下评论

留下评论
  • (必需)
  • (必需) (will not be published)
  • (必需)   3X2=?