git 命令行下 添加 修改 删除 冲突解决

张映 发表于 2015-05-08

分类目录: 服务器相关

标签:, , , ,

如果对git命令行不熟悉的话,用git图形界面工具,就比较合适了。建议使用tortoisegit这样的工具,命令行从学习到灵活掌握的时间成本比较高的。

1,添加

# git clone git@192.168.10.202:develop/test.git
# cd test
# touch test.txt   //测试文件
# git add test.txt  //git添加文件
# git commit -m 'test'  //添加到本地版本库
# git push   //push到远程

如果push报错,Perhaps you should specify a branch such as 'master'

解决办法:

# git push origin master   //只要这样操作一次,以后就可以用git push

添加文件和添加目录,操作是一样的。

2,修改文件

方法一

# echo "11111111111" > test.txt
# git add test.txt && git commit -m 'test2'
# git push

 方法二

# echo "abc" > test.txt
# git commit -am "test3" //所有修改都会提交
# git push

如果有多个文件,只想提交其中的一个或者多个,怎么办呢

# git commit -a   //该命令出现以下内容
# Please enter the commit message for your changes. Lines starting
# with '#' will be ignored, and an empty message aborts the commit.
# On branch master
# Changes to be committed:
# (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
#
# modified: ab
# modified: test.txt //如果只想提交test.txt,只要把该行前的#去掉,保存退出就行了

# git push   //退出后,在执行push

3,删除

# git rm ab     //如果删除目录的话,加上-r
# git commit -am "del"
# git push

4,解决冲突

# git push     //push不上去
Address 192.168.10.202 maps to unassigned.psychz.net, but this does not map back to the address - POSSIBLE BREAK-IN ATTEMPT!
To git@192.168.10.202:develop/test.git
 ! [rejected] master -> master (non-fast-forward)
error: failed to push some refs to '192.168.10.202:develop/test.git'
To prevent you from losing history, non-fast-forward updates were rejected
Merge the remote changes before pushing again. See the 'Note about
fast-forwards' section of 'git push --help' for details.

# git pull //更新代码,提示冲突
Address 192.168.10.202 maps to unassigned.psychz.net, but this does not map back to the address - POSSIBLE BREAK-IN ATTEMPT!
remote: Counting objects: 5, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (2/2), done.
remote: Total 3 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
Unpacking objects: 100% (3/3), done.
From 192.168.10.202:develop/test
 367dad3..5e5640b master -> origin/master
Auto-merging test.txt
CONFLICT (content): Merge conflict in test.txt
Automatic merge failed; fix conflicts and then commit the result.

# vim test.txt    //修改冲突文件,并保存

# git commit -am "remove conflict"   //重新提交到本地版本库
# git push   //同步到远程

 



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作者:海底苍鹰
地址:http://blog.51yip.com/server/1733.html

1 条评论

  1. qiqi 留言

    如果有多个文件,只想提交其中的一个或者多个,怎么办呢? 这条下面的讲解不对啊,打开注释后,提交的还是全部文件,查了下,这个里面的信息都是注释信息,打开#,只是注释信息打开了

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