查看mysql语句运行时间的2种方法

张映 发表于 2010-08-11

分类目录: mysql

标签:, , , ,

网站运行很慢的时候,我就特别起知道为什么这么慢,所以我查啊查,数据库绝对是很重要的一部分,里面运行的sql是绝对不能放过的。平时做项目的时候,我也会注意sql语句的书写,写出一些高效的sql来,所以我会经常测试自己写的sql语句。我把我知道的二个方法,总结一下发出来。

一,show profiles 之类的语句来查看

1,查一下profile是不是打开了,默认是不打开的。

mysql> show profiles;
Empty set (0.02 sec)

mysql> show variables like "%pro%";
+---------------------------+-------+
| Variable_name             | Value |
+---------------------------+-------+
| profiling                 | OFF   |
| profiling_history_size    | 15    |
| protocol_version          | 10    |
| slave_compressed_protocol | OFF   |
+---------------------------+-------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

我查看一下profiles里面没有东西,所以公司的电脑里面profile是没有打开的,我查看了一下mysql变量,果然是OFF的。

2,开启profile,然后测试

开启profile

mysql> set profiling=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

测试如下:

mysql> show tables;
+----------------+
| Tables_in_test |
+----------------+
| aa             |
| bb             |
| comment        |
| string_test    |
| user           |
+----------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from aa;
+----+------+------------+------+
| id | name | nname      | sex  |
+----+------+------------+------+
|  2 | tank | bbbb,4bbbb | NULL |
|  3 | zhang| 3,c,u      | NULL |
+----+------+------------+------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> update aa set name='d';
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 2  Changed: 2  Warnings: 0

mysql> delete from bb;
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> show profiles;
+----------+------------+------------------------+
| Query_ID | Duration   | Query                  |
+----------+------------+------------------------+
|        1 | 0.00054775 | show tables            |
|        2 | 0.00022400 | select * from aa       |
|        3 | 0.00026275 | update aa set name='d' |
|        4 | 0.00043000 | delete from bb         |
+----------+------------+------------------------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> show profile;
+----------------------+-----------+
| Status               | Duration  |
+----------------------+-----------+
| (initialization)     | 0.0000247 |
| checking permissions | 0.0000077 |
| Opening tables       | 0.0000099 |
| System lock          | 0.000004  |
| Table lock           | 0.000005  |
| init                 | 0.0003057 |
| query end            | 0.0000062 |
| freeing items        | 0.000057  |
| closing tables       | 0.000008  |
| logging slow query   | 0.0000015 |
+----------------------+-----------+
10 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> show profile for query 1;
+----------------------+-----------+
| Status               | Duration  |
+----------------------+-----------+
| (initialization)     | 0.000028  |
| checking permissions | 0.000007  |
| Opening tables       | 0.0000939 |
| System lock          | 0.0000017 |
| Table lock           | 0.0000055 |
| init                 | 0.000009  |
| optimizing           | 0.0000027 |
| statistics           | 0.0000085 |
| preparing            | 0.0000065 |
| executing            | 0.000004  |
| checking permissions | 0.000258  |
| Sending data         | 0.000049  |
| end                  | 0.0000037 |
| query end            | 0.0000027 |
| freeing items        | 0.0000307 |
| closing tables       | 0.0000032 |
| removing tmp table   | 0.0000275 |
| closing tables       | 0.0000037 |
| logging slow query   | 0.000002  |
+----------------------+-----------+
19 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> show profile for query 3;
+----------------------+-----------+
| Status               | Duration  |
+----------------------+-----------+
| (initialization)     | 0.0000475 |
| checking permissions | 0.0000077 |
| Opening tables       | 0.000026  |
| System lock          | 0.0000042 |
| Table lock           | 0.0000045 |
| init                 | 0.0000205 |
| Updating             | 0.0000787 |
| end                  | 0.0000567 |
| query end            | 0.000004  |
| freeing items        | 0.0000067 |
| closing tables       | 0.000004  |
| logging slow query   | 0.000002  |
+----------------------+-----------+
12 rows in set (0.00 sec)

二,timestampdiff来查看测试时间

mysql> set @d=now();
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from comment;
+------+-----+------+------------+---------------------+
| c_id | mid | name | content    | datetime            |
+------+-----+------+------------+---------------------+
|    1 |   1 | ??   | 2222222211 | 2010-05-12 00:00:00 |
|    2 |   1 | ??   | ????(??)   | 2010-05-13 00:00:00 |
|    3 |   2 | tank | ??????     | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 |
+------+-----+------+------------+---------------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select timestampdiff(second,@d,now());
+--------------------------------+
| timestampdiff(second,@d,now()) |
+--------------------------------+
|                              0 |
+--------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

这种方法有一点要注意,就是三条sql语句要尽量连一起执行,不然误差太大,根本不准

set @d=now();
select * from comment;
select timestampdiff(second,@d,now());

如果是用命令行来执行的话,有一点要注意,就是在select timestampdiff(second,@d,now());后面,一定要多copy一个空行,不然最后一个sql要你自己按回车执行,这样就不准了。

其实我觉得吧,真正要我们关心的是,那些查询慢的sql,因为真正影响速度的是他们,关于慢查询的东西,有空写一下。



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作者:海底苍鹰
地址:http://blog.51yip.com/mysql/968.html

2 条评论

  1. Jason 留言

    楼主可以试试cachegrind 也可以查看性能的哦

  2. Alex 留言

    楼主,你说的第二种查看测试时间的方式不准啊。要怎么改进呢?

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