redis memcache 性能比较

张映 发表于 2011-06-25

分类目录: cache, nosql

标签:, , ,

redis和memcache非常像的,都是key,value的方式,将数据存放内存中。最近在学习redis,在网上看了一些这方面的资料,有三种观点:

1,redis读写内存比memcache快

2,memcache读写内存比redis快

3,memcache读写内存比redis快,但是redis整体性能优于memcache

所以我做了一下测试。关于redis和memcache的安装,请参考

linux redis 安装配置, 以及redis php扩展

linux memcache 安装

1,redis的测试文件

<?php
function get_data (){
   mysql_connect("localhost", "root", "") or die("Could not connect: " . mysql_error());
   mysql_select_db("ugc");

   $result = mysql_query("SELECT task_id FROM ugc_tasks");
   $return = array();
   while ($row = mysql_fetch_array($result, MYSQL_ASSOC)) {
      $return[] = $row;
   }

   mysql_free_result($result);
   return $return;
}

$redis = new redis();
$redis->connect('127.0.0.1', 6379);

if ($redis->exists('test')) {
   $value = $redis->get("test");
}else{
   $value = get_data();
   $redis->set('test',json_encode($value));
}

print_r(json_decode($value));
?>

2,redis的测试结果

第一次
root@ubuntu:/home/zhangying/download/webbench-1.5# webbench -c 10000 -t 30 http://localhost/php-redis/test_redis.php
Webbench - Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

Benchmarking: GET http://localhost/php-redis/test_redis.php
10000 clients, running 30 sec.

Speed=48324 pages/min, 40318471 bytes/sec.
Requests: 22599 susceed, 1563 failed.

telnet 127.0.0.1 6379 telnet登录一下,把test对应的值清除掉,保重测试的公平性
del test

第二次
root@ubuntu:/home/zhangying/download/webbench-1.5# webbench -c 10000 -t 30 http://localhost/php-redis/test_redis.php
Webbench - Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

Benchmarking: GET http://localhost/php-redis/test_redis.php
10000 clients, running 30 sec.

Speed=53570 pages/min, 41217689 bytes/sec.
Requests: 23106 susceed, 3679 failed.

telnet 127.0.0.1 6379
del test

第三次
root@ubuntu:/home/zhangying/download/webbench-1.5# webbench -c 10000 -t 30 http://localhost/php-redis/test_redis.php
Webbench - Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

Benchmarking: GET http://localhost/php-redis/test_redis.php
10000 clients, running 30 sec.

Speed=49450 pages/min, 39694073 bytes/sec.
Requests: 22301 susceed, 2424 failed.

telnet 127.0.0.1 6379
del test

3,memcache测试文件

<?php
function get_data (){
   mysql_connect("localhost", "root", "") or die("Could not connect: " . mysql_error());
   mysql_select_db("ugc");

   $result = mysql_query("SELECT task_id FROM ugc_tasks");
   $return = array();
   while ($row = mysql_fetch_array($result, MYSQL_ASSOC)) {
       $return[] = $row;
   }

   mysql_free_result($result);
   return $return;
}

$mem = new Memcache;
$mem->connect("127.0.0.1",11211) or die ("Could not connect");
$value = $mem->get('test1');
if (empty($value)) {
   $value = json_encode(get_data());
   $mem->set('test1',$value,0, 600);
}

print_r(json_decode($value));
?>

4,memcache测试结果

第一次

root@ubuntu:/home/zhangying/download/webbench-1.5# webbench -c 10000 -t 30 http://localhost/php-redis/test_memcache.php
Webbench - Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

Benchmarking: GET http://localhost/php-redis/test_memcache.php
10000 clients, running 30 sec.

Speed=61632 pages/min, 52228667 bytes/sec.
Requests: 29205 susceed, 1611 failed.

telnet 127.0.0.1 11211 telnet登录一下,把test1对应的值清除掉,保重测试的公平性
delete test1

第二次

root@ubuntu:/home/zhangying/download/webbench-1.5# webbench -c 10000 -t 30 http://localhost/php-redis/test_memcache.php
Webbench - Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

Benchmarking: GET http://localhost/php-redis/test_memcache.php
10000 clients, running 30 sec.

Speed=64160 pages/min, 52601449 bytes/sec.
Requests: 29426 susceed, 2654 failed.

telnet 127.0.0.1 11211
delete test1

第三次

root@ubuntu:/home/zhangying/download/webbench-1.5# webbench -c 10000 -t 30 http://localhost/php-redis/test_memcache.php
Webbench - Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

Benchmarking: GET http://localhost/php-redis/test_memcache.php
10000 clients, running 30 sec.

Speed=65190 pages/min, 52506614 bytes/sec.
Requests: 29348 susceed, 3247 failed.

telnet 127.0.0.1 11211
delete test1

从上面比较结果,可以看出,memcache比redis快的。redis对key,value的管理,更灵活。有很多人把redis归于nosql的范围,细细想,还真是那么一回事。redis还可以把内在中的数据,放到磁盘中,这一点上,redis更像memcachedb。关于使用哪一种,看个人喜好而定了。



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作者:海底苍鹰
地址:http://blog.51yip.com/cache/1318.html

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